A report launched on Wednesday by the Nationwide Transportation Security Board (NTSB) states that emergency responders have entry to insufficient instruments and coaching for combating electrical car fires that happen. The NTSB arrived at this conclusion after investigating 4 separate EV fires involving lithium-ion batteries.

When EVs are concerned in high-speed crashes, similar to one that took place in 2016, the lithium-ion cells could cause a considerable hearth threat if broken. Sadly, the NTSB states that even most Emergency Response Guides (ERG) from EV producers themselves lack clear and exact info on combating these fires. So the NTSB created a collection of suggestions to deal with the difficulty.

Essentially the most notable of those suggestions is to standardize automaker ERGs and mannequin them on the Worldwide Requirements Group customary 17840 and SAE Worldwide really helpful observe J2990. The NTSB even instructed {that a} car with one in every of these up to date guides might obtain an elevated general security ranking.

One other suggestion included within the NTSB’s report was extra analysis into methods to de-energize power in high-voltage lithium-ion batteries after a crash. At the moment, the largest situation with this concept is the advanced variations from one EV to a different, creating a necessity for emergency responders to own giant quantities of information for each particular car.

Firefighters trying to place out a battery hearth brought on by a Tesla crash in 2016

In line with the US Hearth Administration (USFA), a mean of 171,500 freeway car fires occurred throughout the US between 2014 and 2016. Whereas EVs possible accounted for lower than 1% of these fires, they do nonetheless occur, and chemical fires don’t burn the identical as non-chemical fires. As a consequence of this, chemical hearth schooling is important for emergency responders going ahead.

Some sensible options to EV fires have already begun showing around the globe. One example comes out of Copenhagen and is actually a specifically designed container {that a} automotive may be hoisted into when on hearth. As soon as contained in the container, nozzles fill the container with water and the car is saved submerged for a chronic time frame. This answer mitigates all the hazardous elements of chemical fires brought on by EVs.

It’s necessary to notice that the NTSB can’t truly make any modifications or guidelines; they will solely make suggestions. Regardless of that, the solutions that the brand new report particulars must be severely thought-about by everybody, together with auto producers. Battery fires can pose a severe hazard, particularly when the folks designated to place them out aren’t educated on how to take action.

Through NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board)

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